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| Headache | The Diagnosis of Headache | Migraine | Tension Headache Syndrome | Cluster Headache | Other Migraines | Other Headaches |
| Treatment of Headache |

There are a number of rarer migraine syndromes. Each of these can cause particular concern when they first have their onset. Often they need investigation to be normal before a confident diagnosis is made. 

Ophthalmoplegic migraine 

- most attacks begin before age ten 
- more common in males 
- unilateral headache
- eye movement markedly affected leading to double vision
- may last days to weeks
- third nerve usually affected but fourth and sixth nerves
can be affected

Retinal migraine 

- difficult to diagnose
- monocular visual symptoms
- not always followed by headache

Hemiplegic migraine 

- migraine with hemiparesis, that is weakness down one side as aura symptom
- lasts one hour to one week or more
- imaging normal
- autosomal familial form associated with abnormality on chromosome 19

Basilar migraine 

- occurs in childhood or adolescence
- associated visual disturbance, double vision, dizziness or unsteadiness
- may be altered or loss of consciousness
- frequent difficulty in diagnosis when not seen by neurologist

Migraine aura without headache

- neurological deficit without headache
- more common in men
- more common with increasing age